The hurdy-gurdy is one of the oldest instruments that dates back to the early Middle Ages. Its ancestor, the organistrum, was the first instrument to be used in churches. It was replaced by the organ in the 13th century. It was essentially used as a pedagogical tool and to accompany hymns. It evolved into a smaller instrument and gradually spread outside the church to fall into the hands of minstrels and troubadours. The hurdy-gurdy continues to evolve until today and is enriched with new electro-acoustic concepts in contemporary music.
This model of Iberian hurdy-gurdy differs from the so-called French hurdy-gurdy. The zanfona has three chanterelles and two drones. The absence of a dog (mobile bridge), gives it a very different playing, whose articulation is carried over to the fingering of the left hand.
Materials: the body is made of rosewood, the soundboard is made of spruce. The keyboard is made of maple. The pistachios are made of black and blue stained maple and vegetable ivory. The cover of the keyboard and the wheel cover are covered with marquetry.
Dimensions : 75cm * 30cm * 20cm
String length : 330mm
Number of key : 23